Eastern Africa as partitioned by the imperial powers, c. 1914. Before Germany's reunification in 1989, Mozambique was the primary recipient of East Germany's development aid. Dar es Salaam was the capital. GERMAN EAST AFRICA . German East African Rupee = 100 Cents, 1906-1918 For later issues see: Tanganyika, British Mandate 1920-1963 (part East Africa) Tanzania, from 1963. A more compact format has been adopted throughout. She began her colonial acquisitions in 1884 and by 1914 had managed to grab six colonies- German South West Africa, German East Africa, Cameroon, Togo, New Guinea and Samoa. The German East Africa 1916-T 15 Rupien is featured in Charles Morgan and Hubert Walker’s 100 Greatest Modern World Coins, available now from … During the war it was occupied by the British, who received a mandate to administer the greater part of it (Tanganyika Territory) by the Treaty of Versailles (signed June 1919; enacted January 1920). High-resolution thumbnails are used throughout. Natural Resources > German East Africa. Arabic writing including date surrounded by a wreath. A small part of northern Mozambique, the Kionga Triangle was also part of it. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. German East Africa was a territory comprising present-day Tanganyika, Rwanda and Burundi. Jump to navigation Jump to search. The protectorate of German East Africa was established in 1889, as Germany … GEA's area was 994,996 square kilometres (384,170 sq mi), which was nearly three times the area of present-day Germany, and double the area of metropolitan Germany then. Among the major theatres of war, the least discussed among historians is German East Africa (what is now Burundi, Rwanda and mainland Tanzania). What's new? This number was subsequently increased to four, with three Asian nonofficial members and four Europeans. Under the Treaty of Versailles (signed June 1919; enacted January 1920), Britain received a League of Nations mandate to administer the territory except for Ruanda-Urundi, which came under Belgian administration, and the Kionga triangle, which went to Portugal (see Quionga). The German East Africa Line of Hamburg runs a fleet of first-class steamers to East Africa, which touch at Tanga, Dar-es-Salaam and Zanzibar. Quantities available: one each unless stated otherwise. Items marked NEW / NEU / BAGO. His object was to build up local government on the basis of traditional authorities, an aim that he pursued with doctrinaire enthusiasm and success. Updates? The colony was founded in the 1880's in order to protect the interests of the German East Africa Company. It led to a reappraisal of German policy in East Africa. In the 1960 Legislative Council elections, TANU and its allies were again overwhelmingly victorious, and when Tanganyika became independent on December 9, 1961, Nyerere became its first prime minister. Papua New Guinea. Germany was eager to exploit the resources of its new dependency, but lack of communications at first restricted development to the coastal area. In 1891 the German imperial government took over administration of the area from the German East Africa Company. Dar es Salaam was the capital. 1° to about 11° 41' S., and from long. See more ideas about German east africa, East africa, Africa. Although TANU was the only legal party, voters in each constituency were often offered a choice between more than one TANU candidate in parliamentary elections. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). East Africa and Europe. Publication date 1917 Topics Tanzania Publisher London : T.W.Laurie Collection cdl; americana Digitizing sponsor MSN Contributor University of California Libraries Language English. German East Africa by Calvert, Albert Frederick, 1872-1946. Postal History of German East Africa- Jerome Newman (1973): 211 pages, covers the broadest aspects of the country. German East Africa was nearly 1,000,000 km2 (390,000 sq mi), larger than any European country except Russia. German East Africa became a German Colony Febuary, 27, 1885. Rwanda-Burundi, 1960-1962 Rwanda, from 1962 Burundi, from 1962. See more ideas about German east africa, East africa, Africa. Sitemap. Reverse. This area was not effectively occupied or controlled by the colonial power, however. The German census in 1911 set the approximate native population of German East Africa at 7.5 million; 1913-14 estimates varied between 7.7 and 7.8 million. By 1921, the British census listed the native population for the same area at approximately 4.1 million. This successfully encouraged the pioneer coffee-growing activities on the slopes of Kilimanjaro. The British advance into German territory continued steadily from 1916 until the whole country was eventually occupied. The enforcement of German overlordship was strongly resisted, but control was established by the beginning of the 20th century. The plan, which was to be financed by the British government, was to cost £25 million, and, in addition, a further £4.5 million would be required for the construction of a railway in southern Tanganyika. Corrections? Neither were able to annex the territories (modern Tanzania for Britain, and Burundi and Rwanda for Belgium) outright, but the newly established League of Nations (the predecessor to the UN) awarded them as 'mandates'. There are many varieties of the notes printed on whatever paper was available. In his campaign to develop the country’s economy, Cameron won a victory over opposition from Kenya by gaining the British government’s approval for an extension of the Central Railway Line from Tabora to Mwanza (1928). The imperial government had attempted to protect African land rights in 1895 but had failed in its objective in the Kilimanjaro area. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The plight of Germans, Russians, Austro-Hungarians and Italians during the 1920s are well documented. In an important advance in 1955, the three groups were given parity of representation on the unofficial side of the council with 10 nominated members each, and for a time it seemed as if this basis would persist. German East Africa. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. In 1905, German East Africa issued a series of 5 banknotes in denominations of 5, 10, 50, 50, and 100 Rupees (Rupien). The first two African members had been nominated to the Legislative Council in December 1945. Germany, only having been unified in 1871 was a late-comer to the colonial race. When the Fatherland is threatened during the Great War, colonists in Germany's African territory burn down their farms and return to serve on the battlefield. Addeddate 2008-01-15 17:05:32 Bookplateleaf 0006 Call number nrlf_ucb:GLAD-336714 South Africa entered World War I when Britain’s ultimatum to Germany expired on 4 August 1914. Map of Central Africa from the 10th edition of the. DEUTSCH-OSTAFRIKANISCHE BANK Rupie System. The first elections to the unofficial side of the council (in 1958 and 1959), however, enabled TANU to show its strength, for even among the European and Asian candidates, only those supported by TANU were elected. 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