2. While welcoming the establishment of special courts and tribunals for the protection of the rights of women and children, the Committee notes with concern that in the absence of provisions for effective legal remedies, women's access to justice in cases of discrimination may remain limited, in particular in rural areas. It requests the Government to continue to provide information on measures taken in this regard and to provide information from the monitoring and evaluation exercises conducted to monitor these policies. Please note that these reports are hosted by CRIN as a resource for Child Rights campaigners, researchers and other interested parties. More than 400 million births have been “avoided”, ensuring a better standard of living for the Chinese people officials said. Clause (a). The Committee further notes the ILO–IPEC information that the TICW Project Phase II was completed in 2008, and that its remaining activities were incorporated into the CP-TING Project. The Committee further urges the State party to increase public expenditure on education in general, and to take deliberate and targeted measures towards the progressive realisation of the right to education for the disadvantaged and marginalised groups throughout the country. 182 concerning the Prohibition and Immediate Action for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour of the International Labour Organisation (ILO) to which China is a party. 182)Published: 2010, Article 3 of the Convention. Many of these children have very limited access to education and health care, often living in very precarious conditions. The Committee recommends that mainland China continue to strengthen programmes and policies to ensure the accessibility of quality education for all children, particularly children of migrant workers, from ethnic minorities and refugee and asylum-seeking children. It also noted the ITUC’s allegation that, despite efforts by the Chinese authorities to stem the problem of trafficking in women and children, grassroots authorities had generally failed to take effective action, emphasising that the problem lay in the implementation of the law and not in the legislation itself. 11 (1999) on plans of action for primary education and 13 (1999) on the right to education, the Committee calls upon the State party to take effective measures to ensure that all children, including migrant children and ethnic minority children, have access to free compulsory primary education. 138, the Minimum Age Convention, and Convention No. The Committee is especially worried that in practice only students with certain kinds of impairments (physical disabilities or mild visual disabilities) are able to attend mainstream education, while all other children with disabilities are forced to either enrol in a special school or drop out altogether.The Committee wishes to remind the State party that the concept of inclusion is one of the key notions of the Convention and should be especially adhered to in the field of education. Killing of children with disabilities, including intellectual disabilities (Paragraph 26)The Committee urges mainland China to put in place a comprehensive approach to take effective and systematic action to combat social, cultural and economic discrimination against girls and women, including social-institutional norms and practices that are inconsistent with the provisions of the Convention and perpetuate discrimination against girls. It requests the Government to continue to provide information on measures taken in this regard and to provide information from the monitoring and evaluation exercises conducted to monitor these policies. It also asks the State party to implement comprehensive measures to prevent further abductions of boys with intellectual disabilities and provide remedies to the victims. The Committee also noted that the State Council approved a new National Plan of Action against Trafficking in Women and Children (2008–12) (NPAT 2008–12) in 2007. Rights, Remedies and Representation: A global report on access to justice for children, Heard Island and McDonald Islands [Australia], South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, British Indian Ocean Territory [United Kingdom], Hong Kong, Special Administrative Region of China, Macao Special Administrative Region of China, Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of, http://wiki.crin.org/mediawiki/index.php?title=China:_ILO_Committee_Reports, Article 19: Protection from abuse and neglect, Article 35: Sale, trafficking and abduction, Article 40: Administration of juvenile justice, Article 30: Children of minorities or of indigenous peoples, Article 37: Torture and deprivation of liberty, 3. Scroll to: But the Chinese government has responded by saying that it is for China to decide and that "only the 1.3 billion Chinese people have a say on China's human rights". Local and national governments created commissions to promote the program and monitor compliance. Note: this report is primarily concerned with mainland China. [The Committee] is especially concerned that: (e) Children, especially in vulnerable situations, such as children in poverty, face several obstacles to accessing justice, including inadequate access to legal aid and lack of independent legal aid. The Committee urges the State party to undertake effective measures to ensure that abortions are carried out voluntarily and under adequate medical and sanitary conditions and to ensure that the existing legislation governing the one-child policy does not violate the rights enshrined in article 10 of the Covenant. It is also concerned that prostitutes may be kept in administrative detention without due process of law. (Paragraph 22)_________________________________________________________________Corporal punishmentUN Committee on the Rights of the Child (Concluding Observations, October 2013) ... not to name their children. With regard to re-education through labour programmes, the Committee urges the Government to take the necessary measures to ensure that the “Regulations on the administration of juvenile delinquent rehabilitation institutions” are extended to exempt children between 16 and 18 years from productive labour in these institutions. UN Special Rapporteur on the right to foodCountry visit: 15 to 23 December 2010Report published: 20 January 2012 Paragraph 84(a) (Argentina): "Recommended analysing the possibility of ratifying human rights instruments which are considered relevant in strengthening its promotion and protection, highlighting: ICCPR, International Convention for the Protection of All Persons Against Enforced Disappearances, and assess the possibility of accepting the competency of the Committee on Enforced Disappearances in accordance with the Convention, and the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children, supplementing the Convention against Transnational Organised Crime". The Government states that this labour and vocational and technical training aims to improve the employability and earning capacity of the juveniles, to avoid recidivism. The Government indicated that in 2006 the Compulsory Education Law was revised to provide that, “[l]ocal governments shall provide equal access to compulsory education for school-aged children living with their parents or guardians who are working or residing in places other than their registered permanent residences”, following which localities established basic regimes to ensure access to compulsory education for migrant children. (Paragraph 17) (Paragraph 22)_________________________________________________________________Corporal punishmentUN Committee on the Rights of the Child (Concluding Observations, October 2013). Develop and adopt a comprehensive policy to combat child labour (Finland); (pending)_________________________________________________________________Sexual exploitation and abuse of childrenUN Committee on the Rights of the Child (Concluding Observations, October 2013). The Committee observes that the Government does not provide information on whether criminal sanctions were imposed on those convicted. Education for children of internal migrant workers. . (Paragraphs 6 and 7) Rights groups concerned about arbitrary detention, crackdown on freedom of speech and lack of access to information. However, the ITUC does indicate that the number of these re education-through-labour institutions is being reduced. The Committee expresses its serious concern about the lack of accessible compulsory education for the children of migrant workers and urges the Government to redouble its efforts to ensure that these children have equal access to free basic education. Lack of education provision in minority languages (Paragraph 5)._________________________________________________________________Discrimination against children with disabilitiesUN Committee on the Rights of the Child (Concluding Observations, October 2013). Application of the Convention in practice. Lastly, the Committee notes the information in the compilation report of 16 December 2008 prepared by the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights for the Universal Periodic Review of China that the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women, the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and the Committee on the Rights of the Child each called upon China to eliminate all miscellaneous and other “hidden” fees for primary education (A/HRC/WG.6/4/CHN/2, paragraph 38). The Government further indicates that the balanced development of compulsory education within regions is a strategic focus for the Government that it aims to achieve by 2020. (Paragraphs 13 and 14), The Committee is concerned about the high number of special schools and the State party’s policy of actively developing these schools. Development of comprehensive strategies or agendas for children, 6. (Paragraph 19). The Committee is concerned about the impact of the adverse sex ratio, which may contribute to the increase in trafficking in women and girls.The Committee urges the State party to strengthen its monitoring of the implementation of existing laws against selective abortion and female infanticide and to enforce them through fair legal procedures that sanction officials acting in excess of their authority. The Committee also notes that the Convention does not appear to have ever been invoked in a court of law.The Committee encourages the State party to ensure that the Convention, the Committee's general recommendations and related domestic legislation are made an integral part of the legal education and training of judicial officers, including judges, lawyers and prosecutors, and to ensure that, in particular, judges and officers of the special courts and tribunals are familiar with the Convention and the State party's obligations thereunder. (Paragraphs 74 and 75), The Committee is concerned about the continued irregularities in the State party's provision of universal access to free compulsory primary education, in particular with regard to rural communities, minority regions, disadvantaged families and internal migrant population. The ITUC states that girls are the first to drop out when economic pressures affect their families, and that girls are more often found to be working in factories. Opsc ( CRC/C/OPSC/CHN/CO/1, 2005 ) Chinese people officials said how the coronavirus has deepened rights! State party introduce mandatory gender-sensitivity training for family planning officials be addressed separately ITUC’s that... Larger families have to pay a fee Committee urges Hong Kong SAR speech. Forms of trafficking, in particular internal trafficking 7.85 / 10 Orange level: problems. 75.3 years Under-5 mortality rate: 9 % crime in China ITUC does indicate that the party! 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